types of COmmunication disorders

Communication disorders can be helped!

Different Types of Communication Disorders

Developmental Language Disorders / Delay
Weak receptive language (e.g.difficulties in understanding commands and questions)

Weak expressive language (e.g.small vocabulary size, incomplete and short sentences, difficulties in narration)

Delay in developing verbal communication
Developmental Speech Sound Disorders / Delay
Articulation problems (e.g. say“cook” as “took”; “sit” as “dit”)

Dialectal problems
Oromotor Dysfunction
Reduced strength, stability and range of movement of jaw, lips and/ or tongue

Occasional drooling

Weak at chewing
Fluency Disorders (Stuttering)
Repetition and/ or prolongation of syllables and words at the beginning or middle of speech

Inappropriate pauses/ blocks in speech

Fast speech rate or arrhythmical speech

Involuntary body movements during speech, e.g. frowning, smacking lips and head movement
Hearing Impairments
Language disorders, speech sound disorders, poor tonal perception and voice with lowered pitch secondary to hearing Impairments
Difficulties in word identification

Difficulties in comprehending sentences in text

Difficulties in reading comprehension
Dysphonia / Voice Disorders
Hoarse voice

Frequent vocal fatigue or throat pain

Pitch problems (too high, too low, pitch breaks, decreased pitch range)

Pitch break in speech
Neurological Communication Disorders
Aphasia, dysarthria, apraxia of speech and cognitive communication disorders secondary to ageing, stroke, brain damage, cognitive disorders or other neurological conditions

Difficulties in receptive language (e.g. difficulties in understanding conversation and questions)

Difficulties in expressive language (e.g. word finding difficulties, circumlocution, difficulties in writing)

Orofacial muscle weakness (e.g.jaw, lips and tongue) and difficulties in coordination

Slurred speech